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RESERVATION INDIANS AND THEIR “FRINGE”

(all possible names listed: scattergun method)

(“Res.” in census notes =Pamunkey Reservation, then formally recognized by state.)

Census 1830, 1840, “free coloured” unless otherwise noted. Census 1850, 1860, “mulatto” unless otherwise noted.Census 1870, “Indian” unless otherwise noted. Census 1880, Indians not listed, with few exceptions.Census 1890, burned in Washington. Census 1900, 1910, “Indian” section (not used here, except for less common names.)

ANNE: Pamunkey leader; first appears by petition of Aug. 1706 (Palmer 1875, I: 105). Also petitioned in 1708 (Palmer, 1875, I: 127-128) and 1715 (Palmer1875, I: 184-185. She may also be the unnamed queen in other documents between 1705 and 1723.

ACREY, ELIZA (b. 1834): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1870 census as living out in County, aged 36 (and “white” with daughter Lucy E. (7) and (boarder?) Bertie Hill (17, “black”); shown in 1880 census as living out in County,aged 51 (and “white”), with daughter Susan and son-in-law Winston Adams.

ACREY, LEMAND (b. 1791): K. Wm. man, shown in 1870 census as living out in County, aged 79 (and “white” with $1200 r. est. and $350 pers. prop.) with wife Eliza (64) and various nonrelatives.

ACREE, THOMAS (b. 1827): K. Wm. man, son of Major and Nancy Acree, husband of Sarah C. Major(m. as “Indians” 4/24/1854– old Reg.), dau. of Franklin and Nancy.

ADAMSES, white ones, in 1810 (Schreiner-Yantis 1971, K. Wm.section: Richard, John P., Ellison E., William, John P., Jr., Thomas.

ADAMS CHILDREN IN 1860 CENSUS, living with Billy Secity (age 70) out in County: John (10), Maria (10), Mary (4), Sam (9), Henry (11), Bill (4), Patrick (3), Nancy (2).

ADAMS, BETSEY (b. 1830): K. Wm. woman, shown in 1870 census as living out in County, age 40 (and “mulatto”, with children Mary C. (18), Samuel (15), Henry C. (12), William C. (10), Thomas D. (8), Charles (1), Benjamin (8 mos.); shown in 1880 census as living next door to Mary Adams, aged 50, with children Samuel (27), Patrick (24), Henry (21), Willie (2o, female), Thomas (17), Charles (14), and granddaughter Clara (3); mother of Mary Adams who was grandmother of Mrs. Jasper Adams, common law wife of James Heath (Indian), and daughter of Billy Adams (white) and Mollie Holmes Adams (Indian) (affidavit of 6/23/1941 about Mollie’s ancestry, in Speck Papers).

ADAMS, BILLY(b. ca. 1800?): K. Wm. white man who married Indian Mollie Holmes and became great-great-grandfather of Mollie Wade Holmes Adams (Mrs. Jasper) , through daughter Betsey (b. 1830), and also great-grandfather of Jasper Adams (through another child) (affidavit of 6/23/1941 about Mollie’s ancestry, in Speck Papers).

ADAMS, DEWEY (b. 1780): K. Wm. man (“white”), shown in 1860 Census as living out in County with relatives Eliza (25), Ann (7), William (6), Mary (5), and Mildred (4).

ADAMS, GEORGE W. (b. 1819): K. Wm. man (“white”), shown on 1860 Census as living out in County with wife Ann (42) and children Henry (11), Lucy (8), Betty (6(, and Mary (2); shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 50 (and “white”), with wife Nancy (50) and children Mary (12) and Sarah G. (9).

ADAMS, HAMILTON (b. 1822 or 1827): K Wm. man, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 48 (and “white”), with wife Sarah J. (–) and children Charles (9), Mary W. (8), and Lily A. (4); shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 53 (and “white”), with wife Sarah (38) and children Charles (19), Mary (18), and Lily (14).

ADAMS, HARRISON (b. 1842): K. Wm. man, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 28, with wife Mariah (23) and daughters Mary (6) and Patsey (7 mos.).

ADAMS, JAMES (b. 1835): K. Wm.man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 45(and “mulatto”), with wife Emma (30), and children Alice (3) and James (1).

ADAMS, JAMES H. (b. 1850): K. Wm. man, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 20 (and “mulatto”), with wife Martha (30– sic); shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 30 (and “white”), with wife Martha (34) and children Gregory L.(6), George (3), May A. (1) and brother-in-law John Moon (38, “white”).

ADAMS, JOHN (b. 1831 or 1835): K. Wm. man, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 35, with wife Anna (30), brother (?) Winston (24), and children Richard (14), George (5) and John (1); shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 49 (and “mulatto”), with wife Nancie (40) and children Richard (22), George (18), William (12), John (11), Catherine (9), Frederick (7), and uncle Jefferson (70).

ADAMS, JOHN (b. 1849): K. Wm. man, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 21 (and “black”, an apprentice), living with Charlotte Holmes; he or another John is shown on 1880 Census as living out in the County, aged 30 (and “black”) with wife Nancy (25) and children John (7) and Georgiana (1 mo.) plus 3 nonrelatives.

ADAMS, JOSEPH (b. 1845): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 35 (and “mulatto”), with mother Lettie (60).

ADAMS, KATE (b.1871): K. Wm. woman, daughter of John and Annie Adams, wife of William S. Dungee (m. 1/16/1890 as “coloured” by Wm. P. Miles); shown in 1910 Census as widow living on Mattaponi Res., with children (9 born, 4 living)) Eddie W. (11), Clarabel (6), Charles H. (10 mos.), and Lucy C. Dungee Acree (18), as well as Lucy’s husband Robert Acree (25) and son Vivian (2 mos.)

ADAMS, LEROY C. (b. 1819): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 51 (and “white”), with wife Mousy E. (56) and children Thomas L. (15), Amanda E. (13), Maud (9), and Welky (5, female).

ADAMS, LUCY (b. 1828): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 42 (and “white” ), with sister (?) Mary E. (35) and children Annie W. (17), William F. (15), Mary E. (14), Mildred D. (10), Thomas S. (9), Amanda (5), Ellen (1), and mother (?) Mary (79).

ADAMS, MANIE: Upper Mattaponi woman, wife of John Coleman Holmes and mother of Mollie Wade Holmes Adams (Mrs. Jasper, b. 1881); daughter of Maria Adams (Indian[b. 1851] and Robert Garnett (white) (affidavit of 6/23/1941 about Mollie’s ancestry, in Speck papers).

ADAMS, MARY (b. 1802): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1850 Census as living out in County, aged 48, with sons Leroy (21) and Hamilton (22).

ADAMS, MARY (b. 1851): Upper Mattaponi woman, daughter of Betsy Adams, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County next to mother, aged 29 and William (2); mother of Manie Adams (Mollie Holmes Adams’ [Mrs. Jasper's] mother), commonlaw wife of Robert Garnett (white), daughter of Betsy Adams and James Heath (Indian) (affidavit of 6/23/1941, about Mollie’s ancestry, in Speck papers.

ADAMS, MILES (b. 1815 or 1817 or 1820): K. Wm. man, shown on 1850 Census as shoemaker living out in County, aged 35, with son Garry (10); shown on 1860 Census as living out in County, aged 40, with wife Mary (32) and children William (8), George (6), Millard (5), Mary (2), plus Samuel G. Adams (55); shown on 1870 Census as living out in County (and “mulatto”), with wife Mary (42) and children William (18), George (15), Millard (13), and Mary (12); shown on 1880 Census as living out in County next to son Millard, aged 63 (and “mulatto”) , with wife Mary (56) and sons William S. (29), George (20), and Henry (40).

ADAMS, MILLARD ( b. 1855 or 1860): K. Wm. man, shown on 1860 Census as living with father Miles and family; shown on 1880 Census as living out in County next door to Miles Adams, aged 20 (and “mulatto”), with wife Catherine(21), son Lewis (8 mos.) and “black” servant May Roane (60).

ADAMS, NANCY: K. Wm. woman, shown on 1840 Census as aged 55+, 4 sons(?) 24-36 living with her.

ADAMS, NANCY (b. 1788): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1850 Census as living out in County next to Thoas. Adams and Sarah Holmes, aged 62 (and “white”), with son Gloucester (25).

ADAMS, ROBINET (b. 1835): K. Wm. womanshown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 35, with relatives Mary (27) and Jane (40) plus Lucy White (27) and Peter Cook (17, “black”).

ADAMS, ROBINSON (b. 1800): K. Wm. man, shown on 1850 Census as living out in the County, aged 50, with children(?) Catherine (33), Armeda (33), Ann C. (12), Roland (8), Catherine (5), and Otway (2).

ADAMS, ROLINS (b. 1847): K. Wm. man, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 23 (and “white”), with wife Caroline (23) and children Emmaline, (4), Ella C. (2), and Luther F. (1).

ADAMS, SALLY: K. Wm. woman, shown on 1840 Census as aged 55+, 1 daughter(?) 24-36, 3 sons and 1 daughter <;;;;10 living with her.

ADAMS, SAM (b. 1825): K. Wm. man, shown on 1860 Census as living out in the County, aged 35, with wife Antonette (30).

ADAMS, SAM (b. 1815): K. Wm man, shown on1860 Census as living out in County, aged 45, with wife Letitia (40) and son Joe (16).

ADAMS, SARAH A. [Mrs.?]: K. Wm. woman, joined Colosse Baptist Church Oct. 10, 1858 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), excluded Jan. 1864 [presumably for leaving Va. or aiding Union forces] (ibid.).

ADAMS, SUSAN (b. 1795): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1850 Census as livingout in County, aged 55(and "white", with daughter Lucy.

ADAMS, THEMLOCK [sic] (b. 1849): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 31 (and "white"), with wife Evelin (28) and children Otway (10<;;;; Laura (8), Lemuel (6), Walter (5), Melvin (2) and Hemburn (b. Aug. 1879).

ADAMS, THOMAS (b. 1820): K. Wm. man, shown in 1850 Census as living out in County next to Nancy Adams and Sarah Holmes, aged 30, with wife Letitia (30), sister (?) Betsey (25), and children Joseph (7) and William (1; listed after Betsey).

ADAMS, WARNER (d. 1855): joined Lower College Church on Apr. 3, 1853 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), died 1855 (ibid.).

ADAMS, WASHINGTON (b. 1825): K. Wm. man,shown on 1850 Census as living out in County, aged 25, with wife Nancy (25) and son Henry C. (1).

ADAMS, WILLIAM (b. 1800): K. Wm. man, shown on 1840 Census as living out in County, aged 36-55, with wife (?, "white") of same age, 3 daughters (?) and 2 sons <;;;;10; shown on 1850 Census as white man living out in county, aged 50, with wife Mary (48) an children Mary (25), James (18), John (16) and Maria E. (3).

ADAMS, WILLIAM (b. 1799): K. Wm. man, shown on 1870 census as living out in County, aged 71 (and "white"), with brother(?) Samuel (60), wife or sister-in-law Eliza (52) and son Louis (14).

ADAMS, WILLIAM (b. 1851): K. Wm. man shown in 1880 census as living out in County, aged 29 (and "white"), with wife AnnW. and children Lottie (7), Alice W. (5), William (4), James R. (3 mos.),mother Catherine Madison and Grandmother May Adams (72).

ADAMS, WILLIAM T. (b. 1854):K. Wm. man, shown in 1880 census as living out in County, aged 26 (and "white"), with wife Sarah F.(30).

ADAMS, WINSTON (b. 1850): K. Wm man, husband of Susan Acree Adams; shown on 1880 census as living with brother (?) John Adams; shown on 1880 census as living out in County, aged 30 (and "mulatto"), with wife Susan (22, also "mulatto"), children Walter (4), and Robert (2), and mother-in-law Eliza Acree (51, and "white")

ALLMOND, ELIZA [Mrs. Thornton Allmond]: see ELIZA MAJOR.

ALLMOND, ELIZABETH (b. 1838): "Fringe" woman, daughter of Thornton and Eliza Major Allmond, wife of William Terrill Bradby (m. 9/23/1857– old Reg.)

ALLMOND, FRANCES ELLEN (b. 1841): "Fringe" woman, daughter of Thornton Allmond and Eliza Major Allmond, wife of Sterling Bradby(m. 5/19/1858 (aged 17)– old Reg.; he d. 1864 [K. Wm. Co., Ended Chancery Cases, File 32]) and Lambert Page; joined Colosse Baptist Church at unknown date, restored to fellowship after absence of more than 12 months [due to late husband's serving with Union Army] May 1865 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

ALLMOND, JOHN B. (1847-;1892): "fringe" man, son of Thornton Allmond and Eliza Major Allmond, husband of Hester —-, father of daughter who married an Adams; not shown on 1870 Census, but wife Hester (20) is in "Indian" section among Custalows, Tuppences and Dungees, living with William Allmond(51 –sic– and a sailor) and daughter Isola (2); received for baptism at Colosse Baptist Church Sept. 1865 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), investigated for drunkenessSept. 1866 and May 1867 [he = Wm Allman (col'd)"] (ibid.) excluded Aug. 1867 (ibid.) restored Sept. 1869 (ibid.)

ARNOLD, AARON: Pamunkey man, shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 11, with Isaac Miles family; joined Colosse Baptist Church on unknown date, died Feb. 1863 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

ARNOLD, ELIZABETH: Pamunkey woman, joined Lower College Baptist Church, June 1832 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min Bk. 1814-1834), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20)

ARNOLD, JOSEPH: Pamunkey man; signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836) and counterpetitions of 1842 and 1843 (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co., 11/26/1842 and 1/12/1843).

ARNOLD, LUCY [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman; joined Colosse Baptist Church July 1, 1855 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), subsequently excluded.(ibid.)

ARNOLD, RHODA [Mrs.?] ( 70+ in 1844): Pamunkey woman, informant of E. A. Dalrymple on Pamunkey language remnants; shown on 1830 Census as living on Res., aged 36-55, with 2 sons(? -in-law?) <;;;;10, 1 daughter(?, -in-law?) 24-36 and 1 granddaughter(<;;;;10 living with her; joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20), rejoined Feb. 1 1837.(Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834

ARNOLD, ROBERT: Pamunkey man, signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836); joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20, rejoined Feb. 1 1837 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

ARNOLD, VIRGINIA: Pamunkey woman, joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20).

BECK, THOMAS (fl. 1708) : Pamunkey councillor, signitory to petition of 1708 (Palmer 1875, I:127-128).

BRADBY, ALEXANDER (b. 1838): Chickahominy man, living in New Kent Co. in 1880 but born of Charles City Bradbys.

BRADBY, BEVERLEY (b. 1804): Pamunkey man, signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836); shown on 1850 Census as living on Res. alone, aged 46, may be "Erares" [sic.] Bradby who lived on Res. according to 1860 Census, with children Wetthy[sic.] (26; male) and Clementine (17)

BRADBY, CAROLINE [Mrs.?], Pamunkey or "fringe" woman; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1852 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870.), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug 11, 1866. (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870.)

BRADBY, CATHERINE [Mrs. Edward] (b. 1840) joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1860 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870.) , dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870.)

BRADBY, CHARLES S. : Pamunkey man, chief 1893-1899, retired after 6 years; succeeded by Theophilus Dennis (James Mooney fieldnotes MS 2218 National Anthro Archives).

BRADBY, CLEMENTINE (b. 1854): Pamunkey woman, daughter of Evans and W. A. — Bradby, wife of William Cooke. (m 6/6/1871 (aged 17)– old Reg.) , son of Wm. and Eliz. Cooke.

BRADBY, DELAWARE (b. 1827 or 1829): Pamunkey man, son of William and Dizey Sampson Bradby, husband of Henrietta Sampson (m. 3/1/1854– old Reg.), daughter of Lewis and Agnes Sampson; shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 22, with brother Sterling; shown on 1860 Census as living on res., aged 33, with wife Lucy (27) and relative(?) Aaron (21; shared homes with Delaware and Sterling?); shown on 1870 Census as living alone on Res., aged 43; joined Colosse Baptist Church on unknown date, summoned (with others) for whipping another member of congregation and exonerated in Nov.-Dec. 1865 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870.), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866) (ibid.)

BRADBY, DIZEY [Mrs. William]: see DIZEY SAMPSON.

BRADBY, EDWARD ("Ned", b. 1797): Pamunkey man, husband of Lucy—- Bradby(Son Pleasant's marriage rec.); shown in 1830Census as living on Res., aged 36-55, with son(?) 24-36, grandson(?) <;;;;10, and 2 daughters 24-36 living with him; shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 53, with children Edward (20), Caroline (12), Lucy A. (10), Susan (?) and Eliza (2), and also Sylvanus Miles; shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 65, with children Simon (17), Pleasant (33) and Lucy; joined Lower College Baptist Church Feb. 17, 1837 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834.), and he or son Edward had joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20), summoned (with others) for whipping another member of congregation and exonerated in Nov.-Dec. 1865 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870.), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866) (ibid.)

BRADBY, EDWARD (NED): Pamunkey man, shown on 1840 Census as "Ned", living on Res alone aged 36-55; joined Lower College Baptist ChurchJune 19, 1837. (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834.) Shown on 1870 Census aged 73, as living with daughter Caroline Cook and her son George Major Cook.

BRADBY, EDWARD (b. 1830 or 1832): Pamunkey man, son of Edward "Ned" Bradby(b. 1797); shown on 1860 Census as living on Res.,aged 28, living with wife "Caty" Bradby (23), brother(?) Ned Bradby, Emilline Langston (12), and John Langston (7)[ none of whom can be placed;] shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 40, with wife Catherine and children William A. (10), John R. (8), James E. (6), Louisilla (4), Patrick (2),and Milton (3 mos.).

BRADBY, EVANS (b. 1822): Pamunkey man, husband of W.A. — (mother of Clemintine B. Cook)and Lizzie —-(mother of others), father of Wm. Sterling Bradby (BAE photo, 1899), plus son who married a Chickahominy, daughter who married Cooke and Langston; shown on 1870 Census as living on Re., aged 48, with wife Elizabeth (31) and children Clementine (16), Pocahontas (5), Mohawk (2), and Lntishn[sic; Wm. S.?] (4 mos.);joined Colosse Baptist Church Apr. 3, 1853. (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870.) restored to fellowship after misconduct later (ibid.).In 1904 his son Mohawk D. married Annie E. Jones (daughter Tazewell A. and Eliz.) in New Kent Co., as "colored"– minister being John J. Sweat.

BRADBY, FRANCES ELLEN[Mrs. Sterling Bradby, later Mrs. Lambert Page.: See FRANCES ELLEN ALLMOND.

BRADBY, JESSE: Pamunkey man,signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers 2/18/1836); shown on 1830 Census as living on Res., aged 36-55, with wife(?) 55+, 2 sons(?) 10-141 daughter(?) 24-36, and 1 female slave 36-55; joined Lower College Baptist ChurchAug. 23, 1818 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), and excluded for drunkeness1834 (ibid.), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20.).

BRADBY, KEZIAH [Mrs.?]: K. Wm. woman, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834)

BRADBY, LAVINIA: Pamunkey woman, daughter of William Bradby and Dizey Sampson Bradby, sister of William Terrill Bradby, wife of Thomas Cook. Joined Colosse Baptist Church (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870). Dismissed by letter (ibid.).

BRADBY, LUCY [Mrs. Edward], Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20.), rejoined Feb. 17, 1837.(Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), rejoined Sept. 11, 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (ibid.).

BRADBY, LULIE (LOUISILLA) (b. 1866): Pamunkey woman, daughter of Edward and Catherine Bradby, wife of "fringe" man Sanford Bradby (m. 7/16/1885 (aged 19) by Wm P. Miles– old Reg.), son of Jane Bradby and born in Chas. City Co.

BRADBY, MARY [Mrs.?] : K. Wm.woman, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834). She or another Mary (Molly) and or another Mary (Polly) [i.e., a Molly and a Polly] joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch,, Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20).

BRADBY, MATILDA [Mrs.?] (b. 1798): Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 62, with relatives (named Bradby) John (37), Matilda (22), Fuldery (?) (40), Nannie (10) and John (7).

BRADBY, MILES: Pamunkey man, shown on 1840 Census as living on Res. alone, aged 36-55; joined Lower College Baptist Church Nov. 14, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20)

BRADBY, PATRICK: K. Wm. man, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church 1791. (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

BRADBY, PLEASANT (b. 1829 or 1830): Pamunkey man, son of Ned and Lucy Bradby, husband of Lucy J. Miles Bradby (m. 2/15/1860( aged 31) — old Reg.); shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 40, with wife Lucy J. (30), and children Sarah (10), Elizabeth C. (9), and Hamen A. (9 mos.), joined Colosse Baptist Church 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866. (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min Bk.1814-1870).

BRADBY, RICHARD: K. Wm. man, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min Bk. 1814-1834), and died Dec. 1812. (ibid).

BRADBY, RICHARD (b. 1830): Pmunkey man, of uncertain parents, shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 40, with wife Frances E. (widow of Sterling Bradby), and (Sterling Bradby's) children Charles (12) and Virginia (9).

BRADBY, RILEY (b. 1846 or 1848) : Pamunkey man, son of William Bradby and Dizey Sampson Bradby, husband of Susan F. Langston Bradby (m. in New Kent Co. 4/30/1879 as "colored.", b. and living in "Indian Town, daughter of Cooper and Nancy J. Langston; shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 18, with Nancy Langston and brother "Sam Bradby" baptized and joined Colosse Baptist Church Sept.1862 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870; restored to fellowship after absence of more than 12 mos. May 1865(ibid). dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

BRADBY, SALLY (Mrs.?) : Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, joined Lower College Baptist Church June 19 1837. (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk.1814-18334).

BRADBY, SAM (b. 1835): Pamunkey man, shown in 1860 Census as living on Res. with Nancy Langston and brother Riley Bradby; probably same as Thomas Sampson (i.e. Sam Bradby) brother of Riley Bradby, Terrill, Sterling, et al.

BRADBY, SANFORD (b. 1846): "fringe" man, born in Charles City Co., son of Jane Bradby and unknown father, husband of Lulie (Louisilla) Bradby (m. in K. Wm. Co. by Wm. P. Miles– old Reg.) daughter of Edward and Catherine Bradby.

BRADBY, STERLING (1825-1864): Pamunkey man, son of William Bradby and Dizey Sampson Bradby, husband of Frances Ellen Allmond (m. 5/19/1858 (aged 31) –old Reg.); shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 20 with brother Delaware (22); shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 30, with wife Ellen (26) and relatives (?) Aaron Bradby (age 21) and Rudy Bradby (aged 10); joined Colosse Baptist Church 1854 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870) joined Union army Jan. 1864, for which church excluded him (ibid.) killed by brother Terrill (in drunken fight?) 1864 (K. Wm. Co., Ended Chancery Cases, File 32). He was acting as Pamunkey chief in 1858 (James Mooney fieldnotes, MS 2218, National Anthro. Archives).

BRADBY, SUSAN ANN (Mrs.?) Pamunkey or "fringe" woman; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1860 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), died July 1863 (ibid.).

BRADBY, SUSAN F. (Mrs. Riley Bradby) See Susan F. Langston.

BRADBY, TAZWELL H.; Pamunkey man, joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. , Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20).

BRADBY, WILLIAM: Pamunkey man, husband of Dizey Sampson Bradby, father of William Terrill, Sterling, Riley and Delaware Bradby and of Lavinia Bradby Cook (Gatschet's informant); shown on 1830 Census as living on Res., aged 36-55 with wife (?), 24-36, 3 sons (?) and 2 daughters (?) <;;;;10 living with him; shown on 1840 Census as living on Res.alone, age 36-55; joined Lower College Baptist Church Dec. 11, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20).

BRADBY, WILLIAM TERRILL (b. 1833): Pamunkey man, son of William Bradby and Dizey Sampson Bradby, husband of Elizabeth Allmond Bradby (m. 9/24/1857 at age 21 — old Reg.) daughter Thornton and Eliza Major Allmond; father of 5 daughters; shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 30, with wife Betty (26); shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 37, with wife Elizabeth (31) and children Frances E. (10), Crusella E. (6), Jameson (2), plus William Cook (23); joined Gillfield Baptist Church in Petersburg, from which he was subsequently excluded for misconduct, after which on Sept. 13, 1860 he asked to be received into Colosse Baptist Church (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870); served with Union army 1864 and after, during which time he killed his brother Sterling (in drunken fight?) and was court-martialled, receiving a light sentence (K. Wm. Co., Ended Chancery Cases, File 32); excluded by Colosse Church for Union serviceJan. 1864 (Colosse op. cit.), and asked for restoration Sept. 1867. (ibid.).

BRADBY, WILLIAM; Pamunkey man; joined Colosse Baptist Church 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (ibid.). Probably same as W. A. Bradby, listed as Chief for two four year terms(ending in 1893)and dying in 1894 (James Mooney fieldnotes, MS 2218, National Anthro. Archives); also listed as chief in 1889 (James Mooney Circular Correspondence, MS 2190, National Anthro. Archives).

BRISBON, ANN[Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

BRISBON, EDWARD: Pamunkey man, husband of Matilda Brisby, father of Lavinia Brisby Langston and William Henry Brisby; signatory of letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836; shown on 1830 Census as living on Res., aged 24-36, with wife(?) 24-36, son(?) 10-24 and 2 daughters(?) <;;;;10 living with him; charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1834), and contributor to it in 1816 (ibid.). He or relative of same name joined same church Nov. 7, 1830 as well (ibid.), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20). Apparently dead before 1840 Census.

BRISBON, ELLIS or ELZY: Pamunkey man, signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836); joined Lower College Baptist Church Nov. 14, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

BRISBON [later BRISBY], MATILDA [Mrs. Edward] (1790-1866): Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, apparently widow or divorcee of John Lumpkin [they had daughter Martha A., b. 1821 (sic)] when she married Edward Brisby, or else she had an affair during the marraige; shown on 1840 Census as living on Res., aged 36-55, with son(?) <;;;;10.; shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 60, with children Mary (30), Lavinia (26), Susan (19), Willie A. (12), granddaughter(?) Jane (6 mos.), Fielding Dickey (35, laborer) and Wm. Stokes (23, laborer): as Matilda Brisby joined Lower College Baptist Church June 15, 1817 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870), rejoined Lower College Baptist Church(as "Indian"), June 1832 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1834), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870 p. 20), died March 1, 1866 (ibid.).

BRISBON, NANCY: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20).

BRISBY, ELGYE (b. 1839): Pamunkey child, of uncertain parentage; shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 1, with William J. Miles family.

BRISBY, LAVINIA (b. 1839): Pamunkey woman, daughter of Edward and Matilda Brisby, wife of William J. Miles (m. 3/6/1856– old Reg.); joined Lower College Baptist Church ca. 1854 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870), restored to fellowship following misconduct Oct. 13, 1860 (ibid., p. 78), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866. (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

BRISBY, MARINDA (b. 1810): common law wife of Sam Cooper of New Kent Co.; shown as "mulatto" head of household in 1860 Census, living in New Kent Co. with son Matthew (14) and child Emma Fox (5, "black") shown on 1870 Census as living in household of William H. Brisby, who was "black" man aged 33 living with siblings Matthew (27, "black"), Ann R. (19, "mulatto"), John (15, "black"), and Emma (12, "black").

BRISBY, MATILDA (b. 1833): Pamunkey woman, daughter of Edward and Matilda Brisby, wife of John Langston son of James and Nancy Langston (m. 5/4/1858 (aged 25) — old Reg.), mother of daughters who married Bradby and Major; joined Colosse Baptist Church 1860 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

BRISBY, MINERVA [Mrs.?] : Pamunkey or "fringe" woman; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

BRISBY, PATSEY [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, shown in 1840 Census as living out in County next to David Miles, in 2-person family.

BRISBY, SALLY (b. 1832): New Kent woman, shown in 1860 Census as "white" washerwoman living alone.

BRISBY, WILLIAM HENRY (or HENRY) (b. 1837): son of Edward and Matilda Brisby, husband of —- and Victoria Jones Holmes (m. in New Kent Co as "colored"[vs. Wynn/Adkins that yr. as "Ind."] 2/20/1901), daughter of "Pearmore and Elizabeth Jones" (actually Jones and Elizabeth Pearman); joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866.(Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk.1814-1870).

BRISBY, WILLIAM H. (b. 1837): New Kent man, son of Marinda Brisby; shown in 1870 Census as "black" blacksmith and member of legislature, living in New Kent Co. with mother (62, mulatto) and siblings Matthew (27, "black"), Ann R. (19, "mulatto"), John (15, "black"), and Emma (12, "black"); shown on 1880 Census as "black" farmer of 43 living in New Kent Co.with "mulatto" family consisting of wife Ann R. (33) and children Eugenia (10), Thomas W. (6), William H. Jr. (4), and "black" servant Andrew Braxton (13) and "mulatto" housekeeper Martha Holt (32).

COLLINS, SIMEON (b. 1860; BAE photo): Pamunkey man, son of William and Elizabeth Collins, husband of Pinkey Howell(m. in New Kent Co. 8/23/1882, daughter of "fringe" people John and Susan Howell, and Gertrude Miles.

COLLINS, WILLIAM: K. Wm. man (white) in 1810(Schreiner-Yantis 1971, K. Wm. section). Probably ancestor of William Collins (below).

COLLINS, WILLIAM (b. 1825): "fringe"(?) man, shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 25, with wife Elizabeth (25) and children Joshua (8), William (5), Richard (5), and mother(?) Maria Collins (55); shown on 1860 Census as living on or near Res., aged 35, with wife Elizabeth (36) and children Joshua (16), William (14), Esther (11), Ammon (2) and Simon [Simeon] (1).

COOK, CAROLINE [Mrs. Major Cook] (b. 1833): Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, wife of Major Cook and mother of George Major Cook; shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 37 and head of household, with son George M. (9) and father Edward Bradby (73).

COOK, J.M. ; Pamunkey man; initials are probably wrong; listed as 19th century Chief of tribe in James Mooney's fieldnotes (MS 2218, National Anthro. Archives).

COOK, LAVINIA [Mrs. Thomas Cook]: see Lavinia Bradby

COOK, MAJOR (1832-1862): Pamunkey man, husband of Caroline Bradby Cook, father of George Major Cook; shown on 1860 Census as living on Res.,aged 28, with wife Caroline; joined Colosse Baptist Church Aug. 1, 1858 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870), died 1862 (ibid.).

COOK, THOMAS: Pamunkey man, signatory to petition of 1748 (Winfree 1971, pp. 416-418). Then one of "only surviving Men" of tribe.

COOKE, THOMAS: Pamunkey man, signatory to petition of 1812 (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/4/1812); possibly same as Thomas W. Cook.

COOK, THOMAS W. (d. ca. 1879): Pamunkey man, possibly same as signatory to petition of 1812; joined Colosse Baptist Church Sept. 12, 1861 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870); was acting Chief, following Sterling Bradby, and died ca. 1879 (James Mooney fieldnotes, MS 2218 National Anthro. Archives).

COOKE, WILLIAM: Pamunkey man; student at William and Mary in 1754 (Anonymous, 1898, p. 188).

COOK, WILLIAM (b. 1846 or 1847): Pamunkey man, son of William and Elizabeth Cook, husband of Clementine Bradby (m.6/6/1871 (aged 25) — old Reg.) daughter of Evans and W.A. Bradby; shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 23, with Wm. Terrill Bradby family; joined Colosse Baptist Church on unknown date, summoned (with others) for whipping another member of congregation and exhonerated in Nov. Dec. 1865 (Collose Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

COOPER, SALLY[Mrs. Wm.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

COOPER, SAM (b. 1803): New Kent Co. man (as of 1850 Census, "black") with commonlaw wife Marinda Brisby( 40, "mulatto") andchildren Catherine Brisby (14, "black") and Matthew Brisby (5, "mulatto".).

COOPER, WILLIAM: Pamunkey man, signatory to petitions of1798 (Legislative petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/27/1798) and 1812 (Legislative petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/4/1812); charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk., 1814-1834), and excluded from it (reason not given), Sept. 1812. (ibid.).

CORRAN, JAMES (fl. 1708): Pamunkey councillor, signatory to petition of 1708 (Palmer 1875, I: 127-128).

CUSTALOW, ADELINE [Mrs. Norman Custalow]: born Adeline Allmond.

CUSTALOW, AGNES [Mrs.?]: K. Wm. woman, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

CUSTALOE, CAROLINE: K. Wm. woman, shown on 1840 Census as living off-Res. next to Jack Custaloe, aged 55+, with daughter(?) 24-36, grandson(?) and granddaughter(?) 10-24, and grandson(?) and 3 granddaughters(?) <;;;;10, living with her; shown on 1850 Census as living out in County with ("mulatto") Trimmer family; shown on 1870 Census as living out in County (W. P. Township) aged 90 (and "black"), with daughters(?) Elizabeth (51) and Susan (45), and grandchildren (?) John W. (29), Jenkins (22), and Henrietta(21); joined Colosse Baptist Church Sept. 9, 1854 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

CUSTALOE, ELIZABETH (b. 1817): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1860 Census as living out in County, aged 43, with relatives Susan (35), Lucy (20), "Eliz." (75), Inez (77),John (19),Francis (16), Henrietta (11), Jenkins (14), and Jane (10); joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1854 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), difficulty with another (free negro) congregation member had to be ironed out, May-Nov. 1865 (ibid.).

CUSTALOE, ELIZABETH (b. 1837): K. Wm. woman, daughter of Jack and Nancy Holmes Custaloe, 2nd wife of Charles Walker (m. as "free negroes" 5/17/1854 — old Reg.).

CUSTALOE, FRANCES [Mrs.?]: K. Wm. woman, joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1856 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

CUSTALOE, JACK (JOHN) (b. 1790): K. Wm. man, shown on 1830 Census as living out in County and next door to a Lucy Dungy and Susan Dungy, was aged 24-36, had wife(?) 36-55, his or her mother 55+, 2 daughters (?) 10-24, and son(?) and daughter(?) <;;;;10; shown on 1840 Census as living off-Res. and next to Caroline Custaloe, aged 36-55, daughter(?) 24-36, daughter(?) 10-24, and son(?) and 3 daughters(?) <;;;;10 living with him; shown on 1850 Census as living out in County, not near "fringe" or Res. people, "black" rather than "mulatto", bricklayer aged 60, with wife Nancy (39) and children "Norborne" (19), Smallwood (15), Isabella (12), Mary B. (10), Paul (3), Agnes (6 mos.); shown in 1860 Census as living out in County, "mulatto" bricklayer aged 70, with wife(?) Mary (57) and grandchildren(?) Hall (12), and Agnes (10); joined Colosse Baptist Church at unknown date; difficulty with another (free negro) congregation member had to be ironed out, May-Nov. 1865 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter Sept. 1869 (ibid.).

CUSTILO, JAMES (b. 1838): K. Wm man, shown on 1880 census al living out in County, aged 42 (and "mulatto''), with sisters Lucy (48) and Henrietta (29), nieces Nannie (16) and Martha (11), nephews Cam (7) and Cleber (2), son Charlie (5), and cousin Fenton Leadenberry (26).

CUSTALOE, LUCY: K. Wm. woman, joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1854 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min Bk. 1814-1870), difficulty with another (free negro) congregation member had to be ironed out, May-Nov. 1865 (ibid.).

CUSTILO, MARY B. (b. 1841): K. Wm. womanshown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 39 (and "mulatto", "weaver"), with mother(?) Nancy Custilo in household of Jerry Winn.

CUSTALOE, NANCY [Mrs.?]: K. Wm. woman; joined Lower College Baptist Church <;;;;1817(?) (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter Sept. 1863 (ibid.).

CUSTILO, NANCY (b. 1812): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 68 (and "mulatto"), with daughter Mary B. Custilo in household of Jerry Winn.

CUSTALOW, NORMAN (b. 1831 or 1832): "Fringe" man, husband of Adeline Allmond (daughter of Thornton and Eliza Major Allmond) and Nancy J. Langston (m. in New Kent Co. 5/21/1878 as widower of 45– says he's son of Jack and Nancy Custalow), daughter of Cooper and Nancy J. Langstonancestor of all reservation Custalows; shown on 1850 Census as aged 19 and living with father Jack; shown on 1860 Census as living out in County, next to Jack Custalow; aged 28, with wife Susan (? — probably Adeline) (20) and children Alice (2) and Betty (6 mos.), and brother Smallwood (26); not shown on 1870, but wife and children are, as "Indian" section with Allmonds, Majors, Tuppances and Dungees: Adeline (29), Allen F. (daughter, 11), Mary C.(10), Jameson (9), Eliza (4), and George E. ([sic] (5); shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 48 (and "mulatto"), with wife Nancy (35, "mulatto") and children Eliza S. (12), Efarris( 10), Solomon (5), Missie (7), and Christopher (17).

CUSTALOE, SARAH J. [Mrs.?]: K. Wm woman; joined Colosse Baptist Churchca. 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min Bk. 1814-1870).

CUSTALOE, SUSAN [Mrs.?]: K. Wm. woman; joined Lower College Baptist Church <;;;;1817(?) (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min Bk. 1814-1870), excluded by letter (ibid.).

DENNIS, THOMAS(b. 1832): Pamunkey man, born in Petersburg Va., the son of John Dennis (probably white– Thomas's children called themselves 1/4 white) and Lavinia Sampson; married Keziah Langston 12/13/1855, and became father of Tom, John, and Theophilus Dennis and Theodora Dennis Cook.

DENRY, SUSANNA (maiden name =?) : Pamunkey woman married to Canadian Indian Lewis Denry; they were banished off reservation for reasons unknown, after which she went blind; Hanover County, where they lived, refused her aid because she was still a tribal Indian, so her husband petitioned the General Assembly that the Pamunkey be forced to readmit them both.(Legislative Petitions, King William Co., 11/25/1795).

DICKEY, FIELDING: Pamunkey or "fringe" man, shown on 1840 Census as living on Res. alone, aged 24-36; joined Lower College Baptist Church Feb. 17, 1837(Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), rejoined ca. 1861 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min Bk. 1814-1870), restored Oct. 1860 (ibid.), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (ibid.).

DICKEY, JEREMIA[H]: K. Wm. man, shown in 1840 Census as living out in County with self and one other man aged 24-36 , brother (?) 10-24, wife (?) 10-24, and 3 sons (?) <;;;;10

DRIVER, ANNY: K. Wm. woman, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834)

DUNGEE, ELIZABETH (b. 1787:): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1850 Census as living off but near Res.,aged 63, with grandchildren (?) Favilla (27), Cindarella (18), Lucy A. (11), Elizabeth (7), and John C. (2); as "Betseey", joined Lower College Baptist Church before 1817 and died before 1870. (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), rejoined ca. 1861 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min Bk. 1814-1870). Favilla Dungee joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1854 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), was dismissed by letter Sept. 1869 (ibid.).

DUNGE [sic], INO: K. Wm. man,shown on1850 Census as living on Res., aged 40 (and "black" and "laborer") with [common law wife] Lydia Fortune (40) and son(?) James Dungee. (14).

DUNGEE, EVEELYN (b. 1871): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1860 Census as living in off-Rws. enclave that may have been Mattaponi Res., with relatives Sarah (50), Mary (18), Luch (12), Catherine (11), and Eve (11 mos.).

DUNGEE, JESSE (b. 1819 or 1822): K. Wm man, shown on 1850 Census as living off but next to Res., aged 31, with wife Mary (22), and children Joseph A. (8), Mary E. (7)Robert I. (2), Ethelzo [?] (1)and Charity (12; another marriage?) shown on 1860 Census as living out in County, aged 38, with wife Mary (38) and children Robert (17), Ethlen (16), William (15), Joseph (14), George (12), Maria (10), and Lucy (1); shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 60 (and "mulatto"), with wife Mary J. (59) and children James A. (37, schoolteacher), Robert J. (32, schoolteacher), Mary E. (35, seamstress), Ethlen F. (25, schoolteacher), William D. (27, schoolteacher), John R. (19, in school), and Alfred (17, in school).

DUNGEE, JOSEPH [Sr.]: K. Wm. man, shown on 1830 Census as living out in County, aged 36-55, with wife (?) 36-55, 1 son(?) 10-24, and 2 daughters (?) <;;;;10; shown on 1840 Census (J. D. "Sr.") as living off but near Res., aged 36-55, 1 son(?) aged 10-24, 3 sons(?) aged <;;;;10, 1 daughter(?) 24-36, and 2 daughters(?) <;;;;10.

DUNGEE, JOSEPH [Jr.]: (b. 1818): "Fringe" man, shown on 1840 Census as living off but near Res. alone, aged 10-24; shown on 1850 Census as living off but next to Res., aged 33, with wife Rebecca (21) and children Jane F. (8), John B. (3), and Joseph (2). Shown in 1860 Census as living out in County, aged 40, with wife Rebecca (30) and children John (12), Joseph (11), Jofers (9; male), Cornelius (8), Charles (6) and Sally (5).

DUNGEE, JUNIUS (b. 1845): "Fringe" man, shown on 1870 Census in "Indian" section among Custalows, Allmonds and Tuppances, aged 25 living with wife Anne E. (35) and children John H. (4) and Armian(?) (1).

dungey, lucy: "Fringe" woman, shown on 1830 Census as living out in County, next to Jack Custaloe, aged 36-55, with son(?) and daughter(?) 10-24 and son(?) and daughter(?)<;;;;10; shown on 1840 Census as living on Res., aged 24-36, with unnamed husband (?) of same age , and sons(?) 10-24 and sons(?) 10-24 and <;;;;10[probably she was older, but not listed in age column.]

DUNGEE, SPOTSWOOD: K. Wm. man, shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 25 (and "black" and "laborer") with wife Francis (22, "mulatto") , and children Lee (2) and Riley (1; both "mulatto").

EDWARDS, ELIZABETH [Mrs.?] (b. 1815): Pamunkey or "Fringe" woman; shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 50, in Holt Langston's household; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870). dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

EDWARDS, ELSON (b. ca. 1820 (?): K. Wm. man, husband of Sally Edwards, father of Polly Bailey who married Elson Major in 1860.

EDWARDS, GEORGE N.: K. Wm. man, shown in 1880 Census as living out in County next to Betsie Adams and Mary Adams, with his family plus boarders who were only two "Indians" listed in 1880 Census of County; Nora Bradby (13) and Zadok Bradby (10).

GUNN, ELIZABETH [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "Fringe" woman, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834) and died 1818 (ibid.).

GUNN, HARRIETT (55+ in1840): New Kent Co. woman (as of 1840 Census; free person of colour)., aged 55+, with 1 female 24-36 and 1 male 10-24 in her household.

GUNN, LEWIS: Pamunkey man, signatory to petitions of 1798 (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/27/1798) and 1812 (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/4/1812; in 1810 owned 1 slave and taxed thereon (Schreiner-Yantis 1971, K. Wm. section).

GUNN, WILLIAM: Pamunkey man, signatory to petition of 1812 (Legislative Petitions , King Wm. Co., 12/4/1812; charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), and contributor to it in 1816. (ibid.).

GURLEY, ELIZABETH [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, joined Colosse Baptist Church Nov. 4, 1817 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870)

GURLEY, HARTWELL: Pamunkey man, signatory to letter of 1836(Executive Papers, 2/18/1836).

GURLEY, PARKA [Mrs.?] : Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1854 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), died Feb. 1863 (ibid.).

GURLEY, PATSY [Mrs. Tazewell?]: Pamnkey or "fringe" woman, joined Lower College Baptist Church Nov. 14, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20).

GURLEY, PIERCY [Mrs. Thos.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman; charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), and excluded from it (reason not given), Sept. 1812. (ibid.).

GURLEY, REBECCA [Mrs.?] (b. 1819): Pamunkey or

'fringe" woman; shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 31, with children(?) Eliza (18) and John (15); joined Colosse Baptist Church July 3, 1852 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), died 1855 (ibid.).

GURLEY, TAZEWELL: Pamunkey man, signatory to letter of 1836; joined Lower College Baptist Church Nov. 14, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

GURLEY, THOMAS: Pamunkey man, signatory to the petition of 1798 (Legislative petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/27/1798.

HEATH, JAMES (b. ca. 1830?) Indian man, commonlaw husband of Betsy Adams and therefor great-grandfather of Mollie Wade Holmes Adams (Mrs. Jasper) (affidavit of 6/23/1941 about Mollie's ancestry, in Speck papers.). Possibly son of Mary Heath.

HEATH, MARY: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, shown on 1840 Census as living on Res. alone, aged 10-24.

HICKS, JOHN (fl. 1708): Pamunkey councillor, signatory to petition of 1708 (Palmer1875, I: 127-128).

HOLMES, AARON (b. 1820): K. Wm. man, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 50 (and "black"), with wife Tulip (47), daughter Louisa (22), and Matilda Ricks and her 7 siblings.

HOLMES, ADELINE [Mrs.]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, second wife of Larkin Holmes, mother of James Holmes who married a New Kent Pearman; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1852 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), died 1863 (ibid.).

HOLMES, ALBERT (b. 1845): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 35 (and "mulatto") with wife Lucy (40) and children Frank (16), Janet (12), Susanna (10), Edward and Elnora (twins, 7), Lillian (6), and Joseph (4).

HOLMES, ANDREW (b. 1846 or 1847): K. Wm. man son of Sarah Holmes and unknown father, husband of Emma Grant Holmes (m. 4/13/1867 (aged 21) — old Reg.),unmarried daughter Sally Adams and unknown father; shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 32 (and "mulatto"), with wife Emma (29 and "black") and children Mary (11) and William (9) (both "mulatto").

HOLMES, CHAMBERLAIN (b. 1845): K. Wm. man, shown on1880 Census as living out in County, aged 35 (and "black"), with wife Susan (35) and children Adeline (20), Edward (13), Nelson (8), Harvey (5), and Belle(2).

HOLMES, CHARLOTTE (b. 1820): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 50 (and "black"), with household consisting of John Adams (21) and Alice Burkley (1).

HOLMES, GARLICK (b. 1844): K. Wm. man, shown on 1870 Census as aged 18 and living with sister(?) Martha Holmes and her commonlaw husband John Spurlock; shown on 1880 Census as iving out in County, aged 36 (and "mulatto") , with wife Martha E. (33), and children Lu Anna (12), Mattie (10), Charles (8), John T. (4), and Etna E. (1)

HOLMES, JAMES: K. Wm. man, joined Lower College Baptist Church (as "Indian?) Dec. 11, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834.

HOLMES, JAMES E. (b. 1857): Pamunkey man (born and lived in K. Wm. Co.), son of Larkin and Adeline Holmes, husband of Victoria Pearman (m. in New Kent Co. as "colored" 12/10/1879), "fringe" woman and daughter of Jones and Elizabeth Pearman.

HOLMES, JOHN C. : "Fringe" man, shown on 1900 Census as living out in County, aged 60, with wife of 24 years Mary (b. 5/1863) and children Mary W. (b. 12/1881), Oceale [Oceola] (b. 5/1884), Elizabeth (b. 12/1888), Lucy Jane (b. 2/1892), Silas W. (b. 12/1892), Paul (b. 6/1895), and John H.(b. 4/1897); living at Pamunkey ca. 1865, father of Mollie Holmes Adams (Upper Mattaponi by birth and marriage), and probably relative of Obey Holmes.; joined Colosse Baptist Church on unknown date, was whipped for unknown reason by Pamunkey men, all being then summoned before the church (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

HOLMES, KEATON (b. 1853): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 27 (and "black"), with wife Cornelia (24).

HOLMES, LARKIN: Pamunkey or "fringe" man, father of Pamunkey Richard "Obey" Holmes and New Kent "fringe" man James E. Holmes; shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 60, with wife Adeline (28), children Elizabeth (16), Obey (4), Edward (2), and Betty (1); joined Colosse Baptist Church on Apr. 3, 1853 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), died 1862 (ibid.).

HOLMES, LEWIS (b. 1852): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 28 (and "black"), with wife Caroline (27) and children Emma (8), Sarah E. (7), and James Q. (2).

HOLMES, MAJOR (b. 1852): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 28 (and "black" "working on warf [sic]"), with wife Amanda (21) and children Willie G. (9) and Emily (2).

HOLMES, MARTHA (b. 1846): K. Wm. woman, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 24 (and "mulatto"), with commonlaw husband John Spurlock (55, "mulatto") and their children Mary E. Holmes (3) and Martha Holmes (1) and her brother(?) Garlick Holmes (18).

HOLMES, MILES (b. 1815): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 65 (and "black") with wife Catherine (50) and step-children Lydia (25) and Dean (23), and children Sallie ((16), Moses ((11), Macnoma [sic?] (7), and Mary E. (3).

HOLMES, MOLLIE (b. ca 1800?): Indian woman who married Billy Adams (white) and became great-great-grandmother of Mollie Wade Holmes Adams (Mrs. Jasper), through daughter Betsey (b. 1830), and also great-grandmother of Jasper Adams (through another child) (affidavit of 6/23/1941 about Mollie's ancestry, in Speck Papers).

HOLMES, MOSES: K. Wm. man, shown on 1840 Census as living out in County, aged 24-36, with wife(?) 10-24, and 2 sons(?) and 1 daughter <;;;;10; two Moseses shown on 1850 Census as living alone; one near Res., aged 60 (and "white"), the other away from Res., aged 61 (and "black").

HOLMES, NELSON (b. 1801): K. Wm. man, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 69 (and "black", house carpenter), with son(?) Chandler (28).

HOLMES, PHILLIP (b. 1835): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 45 (and "black"), with wife Susan(22–sic) and children Isabella (5), Mary (10 mos.), John (2), and Emily (4).

HOLMES, RANDAL (b. 1825): K. Wm. man, shown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 45 (and "black"), with wife Mary (37) and son Robert(21); shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 50 (and "black"), with wife Mary (45) and son Nathaniel (12).

HOLMES, REUBEN (b. 1840): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 40 (and "black"), with wife Frances (30) and children Louisa (12), Richard (10), Henry (5), and Lucinda (3).

HOLMES, RICHARD (b. 12/1860: Pamunkey man, shown on 1900 Census as living on Res. with wife Sarah J. (b. 12/1861) and children Addie M. (b. 10/1883), Cora L. (b. 8/1887), Wesley (b. 10/1889, Carrie B. (b. 11/1893), Ashland D. (b. 5/1892, Clarence W. (b. 9/1898), and cousin Wm. G. Sweat; Holmes said he was 7/8 Indian, both parents having been Pamunkey.

HOLMES, SARAH (b. 1820: K. Wm. woman, shown on 1850 Census as living out in County, aged 40 (and "white"), with children Robinette (17), Harry (12), Winston (7) and Livingston (5).

HOLMES, WALKER (b. 1855): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 25 (and "black"), with wife Elinse (sic, 25) and daughter Susan (1); another Walker appears in 1880, same age but "mulatto", with a wife Emily(26).

HOLMES (HOMES), WARREN: Pamunkey or "fringe" man, shown on 1840 Census as living on Res. alone, aged 10-24.

HOLMES, WILLIAM (b. 1834): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 46 (and "mulatto", a blacksmith), with his wife Mary (40) and children Robert (15), John T. (12), and Samuel (7).

HOLMES, ZION (b. 1835): K. Wm. manshown on 1870 Census as living out in County, aged 35 (and "black"), with wife Eliza (29), children Mariah (9), Benjamin (8), W. L. (6), Edward (4) and Ellen (2), plus Julia Lomax and her two children.

HOLT, ANDERSON: Pamunkey man, signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836): joined Lower Colosse Baptist Church June 19, 1837 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

HOLT, BEN; Pamunkey man, signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836): joined Lower Colosse Baptist Church June 19, 1837 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

HOLT, BIRLEY: Pamunkey man; joined Colosse Baptist Church 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (ibid.).

HOLT, ELIZABETH [Mrs.?] : K. Wm. woman (probably "fringe"), charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

HOLT, MOLLY [Mrs.?] (80+ in 1844): Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, informant on E. A. Dalrymple on Pamunkey language; joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20).

HOLT, MARTHA [Mrs.?] : Pamunkey or "fringe" woman; shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 29, with Wm. J. Miles family; probably the same as "mulatto" housekeeper of 32 in William N. Brisby family in New Kent Co. in 1880 Census; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

HOLT, PATSEY [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, shown on 1840 Census as living on Res. alone, aged 24-36; joined Lower College Baptist Church Dec. 11, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20).

HOLT, RICHARD: K. Wm. Co. man (white) in 1810 (Schreiner-Yantis 1971, K. Wm. section)

HOLT, RODEY [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 60, with children(?) Martha (33), John (28), and William (23).

HOLT, WILLIAM (1803-1852): Pamunkey man, signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836; shown on 1830 Census as living on Res., aged 24-36, with wife (?) 10-24, and daughter(?) <;;;;10; shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 47, with wife Kate (50) and children Terry (21), Robinette (18), Mary (18), Bird (14), Mary J. (10), and James (4); joined Lower College Baptist Church Nov. 14, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), and died Mar. 1852. (ibid.).

HOLT, WILLIAM M.: Pamunkey man, joined Colosse Baptist Church 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870)

HOWELL, JOHN (b. 1811: New Kent "fringe" man, shown on 1850 Census as aged 28 and "mulatto", with "mulatto" family consisting of wife Susan (23), children George W. (3), John B. (1) and Henrietta (10 mos.), plus Archer Collins (24, "mulatto", wheelwright); shown on 1860 Census in New Kent Co., "mulatto" wheelwright aged 38, with wife Susan (37) and children George A. (12), John B. (10), Henrietta (8), Lewellen (6), Edmonia (4), and Lucy A. (3); shown on 1870 Census as living in New Kent Co., "mulatto" (while Wynn and Sweat = Ind.) wheelwright aged 48, with wife Susan (30–sic) and children George A. (21), John B. (20), Henrietta (18), Edmonia (14), Luellen (16, male) Lucy (12), Fanny A. (10), Nannie C. (8), Michael (1), and Pinkey (5); shown on 1880 Census as "mulatto" wheelwright of 48 with "Indian" family consisting of wife Susan (46) and children Lucy Ann (23) , Fanny (20), Maney E. (14), Pinkey M. S. (14), Michael (12), and Angel R. H. (9).

HOWELL, JOHN B. (b. 1854): New Kent Co. "fringe" man, son of John and Susan Howell, husband of Chickahominy Lelia (in children's marriage records Olivia) Stewart (m. in New Kent Co 12/28/1882, daughter of Margaret Stewart. Son John C. (b. 1883 or 1886) married Chickahominy Gracie L. Stewart (daughter of Richard and E.E.) in New Kent Co. in 1910 (aged 24), wasdivorced, and married Eliz. Wynn (daughter of Winslow and Johanna) in New Kent Co. in 1913 (aged 30), both times as "Indian".

HOWELL, LENA L. (b. 1860): New Kent "fringe" woman, daughter of John and Susan Howell, wife of fellow "fringe" person J. S. Winn (married in New Kent Co. 12/19/1884), son of J. C. and Anne Winn.

KING, AUSTIN (ANSTIVE) (b. 1833 or 1840: "fringe" man, shown on 1870 Census in "Indian" section, living in bachelor household with Henry Major; shown on 1900 Census in "Matt" section as "Austin Key"), aged 67 and widowed, both parents having been Mattaponi, and living with Hester Allmond and her son.

KING, CLABORN (b. 1850): "Fringe" man , shown on 1870 Census in "Indian" section, living with Elston Major's family.

KING, WILLIAM M. (b. 1843 or 1846): K. Wm. man, son of I. and E. King, husband of E. Gardner(married in K. Wm Co. (aged 28), 8/19/1881, as 'Indians", by T. W. Langston– old Reg. ); shown on 1880 Census as living in Hanover Co. (as "mulatto" with wife Eliza A. (29, also "mulatto") and children Emma I. (10), Nathaniel (9), Elizabeth (6), , Garett (4), Lilly(2), George (1 mo.), and Wm. Carter, (19, "black", servant).

LANGSTON, ARCHIBALD (d. 1814): Pamunkey man, signatory to petition of 1812 (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co. 12/4/1812; charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791. (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), and died in 1814 (ibid.)

LANGSTON, AUSTIN(b. 1812: Pamunkey man, shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 38, with wife Catherine (26) and children John (11), Banks (*), and Ann E. (2); not on 1860 Census, but wife Catherine was, living on or near Res., with children John (20), Banks (18), Elizabeth (12), and William (7).

LANGSTON, CAROLINE [Mrs.?] Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, joined Lower College Baptist Church in June 15, 1817 (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20).

LANGSTON, CATHERINE [Mrs.?] (b. 1812): Pamunkey or "fringe" woman; as "Catha" Langston, shown on 1840 Census as living on Res. alone, aged 24-36;shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 38) with children Lizzie (20), Alexander (12), Polly (12); joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1860 (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870)

LANGSTON, COOPER [WILLIAM COOPER-- "William C. on 1860 Census] (b. 1809-or 1812): Pamunkey man, husband of Nancy Jane— Langstonfather of John H. Langston, Susan Langston Bradby, and Nancy J. Langston Custalow, signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers 2/18/1836); not on 1840 Census, but wife is, w/o children; shown on 1850 Census as in New Kent Co., aged 38and living with wife Nancy J. (34) and children Octavia (12), Susan I. (8), Nancy J. (5), and John H. (3); shown on 1860 Census in New Kent Co, "Indian" mechanic aged 47, living with wife Nansie J. (47, "mulatto") and "mulatto" children Susan F. , Nansie J. and John H. (12), shown on 1870 Census in New Kent Co, "mulatto" (while Wynn and Sweat= "Indian") laborer aged 61, with wife Nancy J. (58) and children John H.(19),Susan F. (26), and Nancy J. (23); he joined Lower College Baptist Church Nov. 14, 1830 (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20).

LANGSTON, ELLA (b. 1866): Pamunkey woman, daughter of John and Matilda Brisby Langston, wife of Lee Major (m. 1/4/1883, as "Indians" by T.W. Langston).

LANGSTON, EMILENE (b. 1848): Pamunkey girl of uncertain parentage, shown on 1860 Census living with brother(?) John Langston (aged &) with Edward and Catherine Bradby family.

LANGSTON, EMMALINE (b. 1860): Pamunkey woman, daughter of Thomas Langston (probably) and Ellen Sampson Langston (widowed, remarried Thomas Sampson in 1862); nowhere on 1860 Census; shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 10, with Thomas and Ellen Sampson family.

LANGSTON, GEORGE: Pamunkey man, signatory to petition of 1748 (Winfree 1971, pp. 416-418). Then one of the "only surviving Men" of tribe.

LANGSTON, GIDEON : Pamunkey man, husband of Judy Sweat Langston (from son's 2nd marriage record), father of John Langston; student at William and Mary in 1754 (Anonymou 1898, p. 188); signatory to petition of 1812 (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/4/1812); charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), and contributor to it in 1815 (ibid.); owned one slave and was taxed thereon in 1810 (Schreiner-Yantis 1971,K. Wm. section).

LANGSTON, HOLT (b. 1829 or 1836; alive and paralyzed 1890 [Gatschet]: Pamunkey man, son of James Langston and Nancy Wynn Langston, husband of Sarah Langston Langston (m. 2/9/1860 (aged 24)– old Reg.) daughter of Jack and Oney; shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 41,with relatives (?) Leah (26) and William (26) plus Elizabeth Edward (50); joined Colosse Baptist Church Sept. 3, 1860 (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (ibid.).

LANGSTON, JAMES HENRY (1796-1864): Pamunkey man, signatory to petition 0f 1812 (Legislative Petitions , King Wm. Co., 12/4/1812 ), and counterpetitions of 1842 and 1843 (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co., 11/26/1842 and 1/12/ 1843; writer of letter of 1836 ( Executive Papers, 2/18/1836) ; shown on 1830 Census as living on Res., aged 36-55, with mother(?), 55+, 1 son(?), 36-55, 1 grandson(?) 10-24, 5 grandsons(?) <;;;;10, one daughter(?, -in-law?) 24-36, and 2 granddaughters(?) 10-24 living with him; not on 1850 Census, but wife Nancy (55) lived on Res. with children John (25), Richard (30), William (18), Ferdinand (20), Holt (21), Mary (17), and Lucy A. (14); not on 1860 Census, but wife Nancy lived on Res., aged 60,with children Holt (30) and Leah (23); charter member of Lower College Baptist Church 1791 (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), contributor to it in 1816 (ibid.), and excluded from it for drunkenness in 1834 (ibid.), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 20), and died March 1864 (ibid.).

LANGSTON, JAMES (b. 1831): New Kent man (as of 1850 Census) with wife Parkey (18); shown on 1860 Census as living in New Kent Co., "mulatto" wheelwright aged 38, with wife Parkey F. (28) and children Ro. S.(9), Sarah E., (6), and unnamed infant (6 mos.); not on 1870 Census, but wife Parkey is, "mulatto" aged 43, with children Sarah E. (18), Lucy (10) and Harriett (6)– and there's another Parkey, "mulatto" aged 41, with children Sarah A. (9), Emily F. (12), Lucy (11), and Harriett (7); not on 1880 Census, but wife Parkey is, "mulatto" aged 49, with children Harriet Lee (16), Anna W. (8) and Mary Lee (3). Their daughter Harriett married (N. Kent Co., 2/19/1884) William Charity, widower (aged 45) son of James and Clarissa Charity.

LANGSTON, (NANCY) JANE [Mrs. Cooper Langston] (b. 1812): shown on 1840 Census as living on Res. alone, aged 24-36.

LANGSTON, JOHN: Pamunkey man, signatory to petition of 1748 (Winfree 1971, pp. 416-418). Then one of 'only surviving Men" of tribe.

LANGSTON, L. W. (b. 1830): Pamunkey man, husband of Leah, shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 30, with wife Leah (30) and daughter Leah (2).

LANGSTON, LEAH [Mrs.?] Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

LANGSTON, LEAH (BAE photo?) [Mrs.]: Pamunkey or "fringe: woman; shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 26, with relatives(?) Holt Langston (41) and Wm. Langston (26); joined Colosse Baptist ChurchSept. 3, 1860 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (ibid.); lived with Allmonds, 1900, widowed, never had children, she said.

LANGSTON, LOUIS: Pamunkey man, signatory to petition of 1812 (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/4/1812).

LANGSTON, LUCY [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, charter member of Lower College Baptist Church, 1791 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

LANGSTON, LUCY (b. 1842: Pamunkey woman, daughter of Thomas Langston, Sr.; joined Colosse Baptist Church Sept. 8, 1860 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866. (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870)

LANGSTON, LUCY A. [Mrs.] (b. 1839): Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, wife of Thomas W. Langston; joined Colosse Baptist Church (as married woman) Sept. 22, 1864), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870)

LANGSTON, MARY (b. 1833): Pamunkey woman, daughter of James Langston and Nancy Wynn Langston; joined Colosse Baptist Church Sept. 22, 1864. (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

LANGSTON, MINA (b. ca. 1800?): Pamunkey woman, wife of Billy Sampson and mother of Otho Sampson (b. 1828) (from son's marriage rec.)

LANGSTON, NANCY ANN (b. 1810 or 1812): Pamunkey woman, daughter of James Langston and Nancy Wynn Langston, wife of —- Sweat and Richard Collins (m. 11/25/1862, as widow, aged 48, "Pamunkey Indians" — old Reg.), mother of T. C. Sweat; joined Lower College Baptist Church on unknown date, restored to fellowship after misconduct Oct. 13, 1860 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, p. 78).

LANGSTON, NANCY J. [daughter Cooper Langston, 2nd Mrs. Norman Custalow].

LANGSTON, PARKY [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, joined Lower College Baptist Church Feb. 17, 1837 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834). Probably the same "Parky Langston as Mrs. James Langston of New Kent Co. in 1850.

LANGSTON, RICHARD (1818-1863): Pamunkey man; shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 42, with sons William (16) and John (8); joined Colosse Baptist Church Oct. 10, 1858 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), died Feb. 1863

LANGSTON, SARAH (b. 1831): Pamunkey woman, daughter of James and Nancy Langston, wife of "fringe" man John L. Langston (m. 12/11/1856– old Reg.).

LANGSTON, SARAH (b. 1838): Pamunkey woman, daughter of John Langston and Oney Wynn Langston, wife of Holt Langston (m. 2/9/1860 (aged 22) — old Reg.), son of James and Nancy Langston; joined Colosse Baptist Churchca. 1854 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870)., excluded Jan. 1864 [presumably because she left Va. or aided Union somehow, thoughhusband did not.] (ibid.), restored May 1868 [indicating separation? husband had gone on to Pamunkey church.] (ibid.).

LANGSTON, SUSAN F. (b. 1849): Pamunkey woman, dauhter of Cooper Langston and Nancy Jane —-, wife of Riley Bradby (m. in New Kent Co. 4/30/1879 ); baptized and joined Colosse Baptist Church Sept 1862 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

LANGSTON, TAZWELL H.: Pamunkey man; writer of counterpetitions of 1842 and 1843 (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co., 11/26/1842 and 1/12/1843; signatory (as "headman") to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836; joined Lower College Baptist Church Feb. 17, 1837 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

LANGSTON, THOMAS (b. 1802) : Pamunkey man, father of Thomas W. Langston; shown in 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 58, with wife (?) Ellen (21; if wife, then she was a little older and he died before she remarried Thos. Sampson in 1862.

LANGSTON, THOMAS W. (Rev.) (1839- ca. 1883); BAE photo [with birthdate]): Pamunkey man, son of Thomas Langston, husband of Lacey Miles (?) Langston, ancestor of Langstons and Pages; shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 21, with wife Lucy (18); shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 32 (and able to read but not write), with wife Lucy A. (31) and children Catherine (10), Keziah (8), Zacariah (6), Silas W. (4), Pleasant Jr. (3), and Agekise [sic] (1); joined Colosse Baptist Church on unknown date, led Pamunkey movement out of that church and into tribal church, Aug. 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch.., Min. Bk. 1814-1870). He acted as chief after Thomas Cook (d. ca. 1879), and died about 1883 (James Mooney field notes, MS 2218, National Anthr. Archives).

LANGSTON, VIRGINIA [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, joined Lower Colosse Baptist Church Dec. 11, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch.., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

LANGSTON, WELTHY ANN [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1854 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), died Feb. 1863 (ibid.).

LANGSTON, WILLIAM: Pamunkey man, signatory to the petition of 1748 (Winfree 1971, pp. 416-418). Then one of "only surviving Men" of tribe.

LANGSTON, WILLIAM: Pamunkey man, signatory of letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836);joined Lower College Baptist Church on Apr. 3, 1853 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870, died 1856 (ibid.).

LANGSTON, WILLIAM: (b. 1844): Pamunkey man, shown in 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 26, with relatives(?) Holt Langston and Leah Langston.

LANGSTON, WILLIS: Pamunkey man, signatory to the petitions of 1798 (Legislative petitions, King Wm. co., 12/27/1798) and 1812 (Legislative petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/4/1812 and letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836); charter member of Lower Colosse Baptist Church, 1791(Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), and contributor to it in 1816 (ibid.).

LUMPKIN, MARTHA A. (b. 1821): "fringe" woman, daughter of John Lumpkin and Matilda Brisby, wife of Thomas Sampson and Otho Sampson (m. 10/22/1857– old Reg.).

MAJOR, CATHERINE: K. Wm. woman, shown in 1860 Census as living in off-Res enclave that may be Mattaponi Res., aged 35 [sic] and "black", with son John (8); joined Lower College Baptist Church.

MAJOR, BETSY [Mrs.?]: K. Wm. white woman living alone in 1820 Census.

MAJOR, ELIZA (1811-1892): "fringe" woman, daughter of Billy Major, wife of Thornton AllmondSr.; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1854 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870; excluded Jan. 1864 [presumably for leaving state or aiding Union army in some way. Husband's movements unknown, as he never joined that church.] (ibid.).

MAJOR, ELSTON (b. 1830 or 1836): "Mattaponi" man, son of Franklin and Nancy Major, husband of Polly Bailey Major (m. 3/29/1860) (aged 24) — old Reg.), unmarked daughter of Elson and Sally Edwards [sic]; shown in 1870 Census in "Indian section" with Custalows, Allmonds, Tuppences and Dungees: he was 40 and living with his wife Polly (27) and son Larry t. (10) plusClaiborn King (5). Listed as "chief" (as was John Allmond) in 1899 (James Mooney Circular Correspondence, MS 2190, National Anthro. Archives).

MAJOR, FRANKLIN (b. ca. 1800?): "Fringe" man, husband of Nancy —- Major, father of Sarah Major who married Thos. Acree as "Indians" in 1854 (old Reg.).

MAJOR, HENRY (b.1824): "Fringe" man, shown on 1860 Census as living in off-Res. enclave that may have been Mattaponi Res., aged 36 (and "black"), with Egbert Lipscomb (35, "white" laborer).

MAJOR, HENRY (b. 1837): "Fringe" man, shown in 1870 Census as in "Indian" section among Custalows, Allmonds, Tuppences and Dungees, living in bachelor household with Austin King.

MAJOR, LEE (b. 6/1861): Mattaponi man, son of Elson and Polly Bailey (Edwards) Major, husband of Ella Langston (m. 1/4/1883 (aged 21) as "Indians" by T.W. Langston), daughter of John and Matilda Langston; shown on 1900 Census in "Matt." Section, with Pamunkey wife Sarah (b. 6/1873) and children Powhatan (b. 7/1881 [prob. 1891], Natty Quarse (b. 8/1892), and Pitchapan (b. 9/1897); he said he was a full-blood (wife 3/4 blood), both parents having been Mattaponi. Mentioned in 1889: "the family of purest Indian blood, is that of Lee Major and his wife, and their little boy Powhatan" James Mooney Circular Correspondence, MS 2190, National Anthro. Archives).

MAJOR, SARAH (b. 1822): "Fringe" woman, daughter of Franklin and Nancy Major, wife of —— (died) and Thomas Acree (m. as "Indians" 4/24/1854– old Reg.).

MAJOR, STATEN (b. 1785): "Fringe" man, shown in 1860 Census as living in off-Res enclave that may be Mattaponi Res. , aged 75, with (common-law wife?) Caroline Langston (60) and daughter(?) Polly Major (40) and her daughters(?) May Lulu (7) and Catherine (4).

MAJOR, THOMAS (b. 1820): "Fringe" man, shown on 1850 Census as living on Res, aged 30, with wife Ellen (25) and children Polly (14– daughter or sister?), John (6), Mary (4) and Henry (6 mos.).

MARSHALL, HENRY: Pamunkey councillor; signatory to petition of 1708 (Palmer 1875, I: 127-128)

MR. MARSHALL: Pamunkey councillor ; signatory to petition for land cessation of 1701 (B.P.R.O., C.O. 5/1312, pt. 1, p. 318).

MILES, ARCHIE (b. 1795): "Fringe" man, shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 65, with wife(?) Galby (55), and relatives Cornelius (17) and Nannie (50).

MILES, ARCHIE (b. 1810 or 1820): Pamunkey man, signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836); shown in 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 30, with wife Eliza (27), children Mary (8), Archie (6), James (4), and Delphia Sampson(26); shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 60, with wife(?) Delfy (41) and one Willis Wynne (10).

MILES, CAROLINE [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman, joined Lower College Baptist Church, Dec. 11, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834).

MILES, DAVID: "Fringe" man, shown on 1830 Census as living on Res., aged 36-55, with wife(?) 36-55 and 2 sons(?) 10-24 living with him; shown on 1840 Census as living out in County next to Patsey Brisby, 11 persons; joined Lower College Baptist Church on unknown date, excluded (with wife) for public drunkenness 1834 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk., 1814-1834), joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk., 1814-1870, p. 20), and he rejoined or son of same name joined on Feb. 17, 1837 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk., 1814-1834).

MILES, GINNEY (VIRGINIA) [Mrs.?]: Pamunkey or "fringe" woman(?), joined Reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk., 1814-1870, p.20), rejoined June 19,1837 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834

MILES, ISAAC JR. : (b. 1775 d. 1855): Pamunkey man, husband of Virginia (Ginnie) Miles; signatory (as headman) to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836) ; shown on 1830 Census as living on Res., aged 55+, with 1 grandson(?) and 1granddaughter(?) 10-24 and 2grandsons(?) <10 living with him; joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-181870, pg. 20), rejoined Feb. 17, 1837 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834), rejoined again Apr. 3, 1853 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1870. Excluded at some point (ibid.) and died 1855 (ibid.)

MILES, ISAAC (b. 1810): Pamunkey man, shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 40, with wife Jane (30), children Inez J. (10), Silas M. (8), Letitia (6), Luke (4), James Pleasant (2), and with Aaron Arnold (11) and William Miles(18) shown on 1860 Census as living on or near Res., aged 50; with wife Jane (40), and children Silas (20), Lacy (23), Julia (?) and James (8); shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 72, with wife Jane, (55), and sons Silas (28) and Jacob (24); joined Lower College Baptist Church June 19, 1837 (Colosse Bapt. Ch. Min. Bk. 1814-1834), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

MILES, JACOB (1847 or 8-<1908): Pamunkey man, son of Isaac and Jane Miles, husband of F.M. Sampson (m. 9/19/1881 (aged 34) as "Indian" by T. W. Langston — old Reg.), daughter of W. and R. Sampson, and of Gertie Waters, and became ancestor of Miles' and Custalows; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1864 (Colsse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., min. Bk. 1814-1870).

MILES, JAMES PLEASANT (b. 1850): New Kent "fringe" man, son of Pamunkeys Isaac and Jane Miles, husband of Henrietta Howell (m. in New Kent County10/12/1876 (aged 26) , daughter of John and Susan Howell, and of Fannie A. Howell Stewart (m. 2/13/1901 in New Kent County as "colored" widowed sister of first wife; shown on 1860 Census as "white" man aged 30, with "white" family consisting of wife Nannie V. (25) and children Harold (3) and Journey R. (6 mos.). In 1899 their son Harold W. (b. 1875 in New Kent Co.) married Chickahominy woman Clara P. Holmes.

MILES, JOHN: "Fringe" man, shown in 1830 Census as living on Res. with wife(?) aged 24-36.

MILES, JULIA C. (A. on marriage rec.) (born 1850): Pamunkey woman, daughter of Isaac and Jane Miles, wife of Lambeth Sampson (m. 2/1/1866 — old Reg.) joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

MILES, LAVINIA [Mrs. William J.]: see LAVINIA BRISBY.

MILES, LUCY JANE (b. 1838): Pamunkey woman, daughter of Isaac and Jane Miles, wife of Peasant Bradby (m. 2/15/1860 (aged 22) — old Reg.) mother of daughters who married Collins, Holmes and Sweatt; joined Colosse Baptist Church Aug.19, 1856 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug.11, 1866. (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

MILES, LUCY JANE (b. 1873): Pamunkey woman, daughter of Silas and Nancy F. Miles, wife of Kaley Allmond and Albert Page Sr., mother of Hazie Allmond who married a Chickahominy Stewart.

MILES, MARTHA [Mrs.?] Pamunkey or "Fringe" woman; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 ( Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

MILES, PATSEY [Mrs.?] Pamunkey or "Fringe" woman, joined Lower College Baptist Church, Dec. 11, 1830 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1834, joined reorganized Lower College Baptist Church 1835 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

MILES, PLEASANT: Pamunkey man, father of William J. Miles; signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836); was living in Charles City County in 1830, when son William was born (son's marr. record); shown in 1880 Census living in New Kent Co., "Indian" aged 50, living with fellow laborer Newsy Crump (21, "black").

MILES, SILAS M. (B. 1842): Pamunkey man, son of Isaac Miles Jr. and Jane — Miles, husband of Nancy F. Miles, father of daughters who married Allmond, Page, another Miles, and a black schoolteacher; shown on Census 1850, 1860, 1870 as living with parents; shown on 1880 Census as living out in county (Acquinton Dist.), aged 37 and "mulatto"), with wife Nancy (34) and children Lucy G. (7), Rosa C. (5), JuliaE. (3), Silas E. (2), Nannie G. (b. Nov. 1879), and sister-in-law Lillie Miles, (23); joined Colosse Baptist Churchon unknown date, summoned (with others) for whipping another member of congregation and exonerated in Nov.-Dec. 1865 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

MILES, SILVANUS (b. 1805): Pamunkey man, signatory to letter of 1836 (Executive Papers, 2/18/1836); shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 45, with Ned Bradby family; joined Colosse Baptist Church ca. 1864 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870); dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church on Aug. 11, 1866 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870).

MILES, WILLIAM P. (b. 1830 or 1832): Pamunkey man, born in Charles City County, son of Pleasant Miles and Darby Dickson, husband of Lavinia Brisby Miles (m. 3/6/1856 — old Reg.); shown on 1850 Census as living on Res., aged 18, living withIsaac Miles family; shown on 1860 Census as living on Res., aged 30, with wife Georgiana (28) and daughter Susan (11); shown on 1870 Census [same man??] as living on Res., aged 38, with wife Lavinia (31) and son Robert N. (18), plus Martha Holt (29) and Elgye Brisby (1); joined Colosse Baptist Church on unknown date, appointed to collect money on reservation for their church Dec. 1865 (Colosse Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk.
1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (ibid.).

MONTOUR, JOHN: Pamunkey (?) man; student at William & Mary in 1754 (Anonymous 1898, p. 188).

MURPHEY, CHARLES: Pamunkey (?) man; student at William & Mary in 1754 (Anonymous 1898, p. 188).

MURSH, JOHN: Pamunkey man; born 1786, son of Robert Mursh; present at parent’s remarriage (National Archives, Revolutionary War Pensions and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files, Microcopy M-804, Reel 1797; signatory to petition of 1812 (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/4/1812).

MURSH, ROBERT: Pamunkey man; Revolutionary War veteran who in 1792 assigned away to Robert Means the 100 acres (no location recorded) awarded him for service (National Archives, Revolutionary War Pensions and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files, Microcopy M-804, Reel 1797, warrant #12408); married fellow Pamunkey Elizabeth ________ in August 1783 (National Archives, Revolutionary War Pensions and Bounty Land Warrant Application Files, Microcopy M-804, Reel 1797) and had nine children, five of whom reached adulthood(ibid.); converted to Christianity in 1790’s, decided to become preacher, and remarried Elizabeth (minister was from Lower College Baptist Church) in 1797; writer of 1797 Pamunkey petition concerning trustee’s power (Legislative Petitions, King Wm. Co., 12/27/1798; subsequently moved to South Carolina and took up poor land within Catawba Indian tract,where he lived as an invalid until his death in 1837 (National Archives); widow then spent twelve years trying to get widow’s pension, denied her because second and supposedly “real” marriage took place so late (pension law had cut-off point for marriages) (ibid).

PAGE, JUNIOUS (b. 1856): K. Wm. man, shown on 1880 Census as living out in County, aged 24 (and “black”), with wife Caroline (23) and daughter Lucy (2).

PAGE, LAMBETH C. (1840-1898): “Fringe” man,son of parents of uncertain status, probably brother of the two sisters who married “Upper Mattaponi” men, husband of Julany Miles and Frances Ellen Allmond Bradby Page, ancestor of Pages, Bradby’s, and Cooks; shown on 1870 Census as living on Res., aged 30, with wife Julany, (17) and child Jan B. (7mos.) and relative (?) James A. (7); joined Colosseum Baptist Church on unknown date, summoned (with others) for whipping another member of congregation and exonerated in Nov.- Dec. 1865 (Colosseum Bapt. Ch., Min. Bk. 1814-1870), dismissed by letter to form Pamunkey Indian Baptist Church Aug. 11, 1866 (ibid.).

PAGE, LEROY

25 comments on “RESERVATION INDIANS AND THEIR “FRINGE”

  1. Very interesting. Thank you for all the work you are doing. I hope that you will continue on with the list of names. My grandmother was said to have been 100% Pamunkey Indian. Very interested in the other names. Thank you.

    • Glad to do something that folks find an interest, in, Janet. I wish the census takers thought Indians were worth keeping accurate records on! It’s important to make sure records like this are available, so many people aren’t aware these things even exist.

      Ken

  2. Sanford Bradby above is my gg grandmother Frances Ann Bradby brother and their parents are: Jane Bradby and John Fowler (white) who are my ggg grandparents. 1850 Census..Thank you for this very informative website~

  3. Hi there. We in Australia are descendents of Richard Bradby b 1830. You have him there of uncertain parents. On his marriage cert to our Frances Morse he listed his parents as William Bradby and Eliza (Disey) Evans. They were married in 1866. I note he was also married in King William County Virginia to a Frances as well. He also had a son Stirling Bradby here in Aus and in Virginia. He left Austraia for the 1870 census and then after the third child was born and did not return. Can anyone tell us about the name Bradby and where it came from or who was the first Bradby from whom our name came? We are very proud of our heritage. Bee

    • Thanks for the background info!

    • From James Mooney of the Smithsonian; According to the statement of former chief Terrill Bradby of the Pamunkey, aged sixty-six in 1899, the numerous Bradbys of the Pamunkey and Chickahominy tribes all have descent from a white man, his great-grandfather, who, about the Revolutionary period, married a Chickahominy woman, by whom he had three sons, one of whom was Terrill’s grandfather.

      • Thank you so very much for the information. It is a help in finding out more obout Richard Bradby and our heritage. Bee

  4. Have you found anything about James Terry and Thomas Terry living in KWC around 1700. Their descendants appear to have come out of King William County as part Indian, as they moved west some married Monacans and Cherokees. Thomas Terry was even criticized by the Queen of the Pamunkey for having Indians living with him, specifically George Tawhaw. Any additional info would be great.

  5. Ittimokla (Greetings) Strong Bull,

    My name is Shamuw’EL Abraham.
    I am of the Yamassee Nation http://www.yamasseenation.org/ .
    I am trying to research the Sampson Roots. My great great great great grandmother’s name is Hannah Sampson and her brother Richard Sampson are children of my great great great great great great grandmother Agnes “Aggy” Sampson. Do you have any information on the Sampson line of Pamunkeys and Mattaponis Strong Bull. I would greatly appreciaite it if you had any to share.

    • Shamuw’EL, I know my great great grandfather, Thomas Dennis, was the son of Lavinia Sampson and this was also Thomas’ last name but when he married Keziah Langston he had to formally take the last name of Dennis as this was his father’s last name. I suspect he was white, and therefore unable to marry Lavinia due to racially motivated restrictions at that time, although this is speculation on my part. I hope this is of assastance!

  6. NICE to meet you cousin
    I would leave you my contact information, but I do not know how to yet browse around on Word Press website so I can inbox you or something
    Agnes had a daughter named Hannah Sampson she is my great great great grandmother and I have her and Agnes on a census together possibly on the reservation in King William, VA

  7. Okay I have done so……….I have so many questions ! THANKS VERY MUCH

  8. Hi, I’ve been trying to find out informaton on my maternal grandmother’s heritage. She was bornin in 1896 and placed in an orphange in Virginia because was a “half breed” baby. Her mother was Native American (Powhatan tribe) and her father was French. Her name is Lucy Ann Custalow. She was sent to the Indian Missionary School ’til 6th grade and placed in Foster Homes. The hospital in VA burned down along with all her birth records. Can you tell me anything about my Grandmother?

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